Throughout the twentieth century, the profession of landscape designer and landscapes experienced new changes. Intellectual and academic processes were enriched by the contribution of the works of imaginative and successful designers. Changes in attitude and thinking that led to a much deeper analysis and committed to place the man and his context.
The personality, own story, expectations customer, acquired new relevance.
Identifying a design concept of dominant theme began to play a leading role in the development of proposals. The concept, or theme, was not always taken into account in the design of gardens.
The gardens of the Arts and Crafts movement were dominated by plants compositions arranged to expose and organize different species. These gardens were introverts designs that invited a sequential journey through different spaces.
Edwin Lutyens was one of the few architects who managed to link the gardens with their context. With controlled landscapes and use of building materials. Years later, architects like Le Corbusier in his early works, Frank Lloyd Wright, Richard Neutra, worried by linking the buildings of the surrounding landscape and often the landscape flows through the ground and surrounding the building.
The feeling of belonging to a place, it was becoming important. This led the designers of gardens and landscapes to become aware of where they were working.
There allows the river, meandering distant part of its structured design creating fluid and sensual curves that refer to his image. This intellectual response is related to the latest works of Geoffrey Jellicoe. Their studies show its interest in the human subconscious, the relationship between man and his environment, contemporary art and the concept of abstraction.
The link with modern art, sometimes with conceptual art, there was a change in designing gardens and landscapes.
In past, art and landscaping they were also related. Pictures queness, the picturesque movement of the eighteenth century, the works of William Kent. It was a design which reproduced a view or a sequence of views, with the works of Claude Lorrain and Poussin, but did not show the artistic process itself.
It resorted to allegory, but often related to literature, POESIS rather than relying on visual communication.
Now, however, art is absorbed by the garden, the boundary between art and design begins to disappear.
Jellicoeseen in the works of modern artists such as Ben Nicholson, Henry Moore, a recuero for creativity, Isamu Noguchi merged design and art interest in the manipulation of space.
His philosophy was entirely sculptural, as considered sculpture gave harmony to the spaces while the humanizing.
Noguchi managed to merge Eastern and Western philosophies and expanded its sphere of creativity from sculpture to furniture design, lighting, landscaping, designing play areas.
While the role had a major role, his works were sculptural and esoteric. Garret Eckbo, was influenced by other modern designers such as Christopher Tunnard, Thomas Church.
Space control is enthused as how Japanese gardens and landscapes managed a balance between full and empty. Quality that was very influential in the early twentieth century design.
Eckbo, became interested in the changes that were taking place in the faculty of Harvard architecture, especially after Walter Gropius was incorporated from 1937. (coming from England) During the second half of the twentieth century art, conceptual design and science were approaching increasingly blurring its boundaries.
Final Words: All the above concepts are good to know as a gardener. There are many award winning Phoenix landscape designers which you can look for more information on planting, landscaping. One of the best is landscape design Phoenix you can visit their blog at https://landscapedesignphoenix.blogspot.com/.